On the influence of ratings, performance assessments, and statistics

Last Updated: 28/07/2021


Ratings and performance assessments:


Besley. 2015. Law, Regulation, and the Business Climate: The Nature and Influence of the World Bank Doing Business Project. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 29(3), pp.99–120.


Broome and Seabrooke. 2020. Recursive recognition in the international political economy. Review of International Political Economy, 28(2), pp.369–381.


Broome and Quirk. 2015. The politics of numbers: The normative agendas of global benchmarking. Review of International Studies, 41(5), pp.813–818.


Broome et al. 2018. Bad science: International organizations and the indirect power of global benchmarking. European Journal of International Relations, 24(3), pp.514–539.


Bush. 2017. The Politics of Rating Freedom: Ideological Affinity, Private Authority, and the Freedom in the World Ratings. Perspectives on Politics, 15(3), pp.711–831. 


Clementino and Perkins. 2020. How Do Companies Respond to Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) ratings? Evidence from Italy. Journal of Business Ethics, 171, pp.379–397.


Cooley and Snyder. 2015. Ranking the world. Grading states as a tool of global governance. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.


Davis et al. 2012. Indicators as a technology of global governance. Law and Societ Review, 46(1), pp.71–104.


Davis et al. 2015. The Quiet Power of Indicators: Measuring Governance, Corruption, and the Rule of Law. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.


Doshi et al. 2019. The Power of Ranking: The Ease of Doing Business Indicator and Global Regulatory Behavior. International Organization, 73, pp.611–643.


Hansen. 2012. The power of performance indices in the global politics of anti-corruption. Journal of International Relations and Development, 15, pp.506–531.


Krause Hansen and Muhlen-Schulte. 2012. The power of numbers in global governance. Journal of International Relations and Development, 15(4), pp.455–465.


Honig and Weaver. 2019. A Race to the Top? The Aid Transparency Index and the Social Power of Global Performance Indicators. International Organization. 73, pp.579–610.


Kelley. 2017. Scorecard Diplomacy: Grading States to Influence their Reputation and Behavior. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.


Kelley and Simmons. 2015. Politics by Number: Indicators as Social Pressure in International Relations. American Journal of Political Science, 59(1), pp.55–70.


Kelley and Simmons. 2020. The Power of Global Performance Indicators. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.


Koliev. 2018. Naming and Shaming: The politics and Effectiveness of Social Pressure in the ILO. Department of Political Science: Stockholm University.


Lee and Matanock. 2019. Third-Party Policymakers and the Limits of the Influence of Indicators. In J. Kelley, B. Simmons (Eds.), The Power of Global Performance Indicators, Cambridge University

Press, Cambridge (2020), pp. 61-97.


Linser et al. 25 Years of Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management: How Intergovernmental C&I Processes Have Made a Difference. Forests, 9(9), 578.


Lowenheim. 2008. Examining the state: a foucauldian perspective on international governance indicators. Third World Quarterly, 29(2), pp. 255–274.


Merry. 2016. The seductions of quantification. measuring human rights, gender violence, and trafficking. Chicago University Press; Cambridge.


Merry and Conley. 2011. Measuring the world: indicators, human rights, and global governance. Current Anthropology, 52 (3), pp. 83–95.


Michener. 2015. Policy evaluation via composite indexes: qualitative lessons from international transparency policy indexes. World Development, 75, pp.184–196.


Morse. 2020. Blacklists, market enforcement, and the global regime to combat terrorist financing. In J. Kelley, B. Simmons (Eds.), The Power of Global Performance Indicators, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2020), pp.61–97.


Shvarts et al. 2017. Environmental rating of oil and gas companies in Russia: How assessment affects environmental transparency and performance. Business Strategy and the Environment, 27(7), pp.1023–1038.


Siems and Nelken. 2017. Global social indicators and the concept of legitimacy. International Journal of Law in Context, 13(4), pp.436–449.


van den Eynde et al. 2003. They look good but don’t work: a case study of global performance indicators in crime prevention. Evaluation and Program Planning, 26, pp.237–248.

Statistics and numbers:

Baele et al. 2017. Numbers in global security governance. European Journal of International Security, 3(1), pp.22–44.

Deringer, W. (2018). Calculated values: Finance, politics, and the quantitative age. Harvard University Press: Cambridge, Mass.


Fioramonti. 2014. How Numbers Rule the World: The Use and Abuse of Statistics in Global Politics. Zed Books: London.


Kavanagh et al. 2020. Global Policy Surveillance: Creating and Using Comparative National Data on Health Law and Policy. American Journal of Public Health, 110(12), pp.1805–1810.


Kavanagh et al. 2020. Understanding and comparing HIV-related law and policy environments: cross-national data and accountability for the global AIDS response. BMJ Global Health, 5, e003695.


Mugge. In Press. Economic statistics as political artefacts. Review of International Political Economy.


Philipsen, D. (2015). The Little Big Number. How GDP came to rule the world and what to do about it., Princeton University Press: Princeton.


Porter, T. (1995). Trust in numbers. The pursuit of objectivity in science and public life. Princeton University Press: Princeton.


Shilston. One, Two, Three, What Are We Still Counting for? Police Performance Regimes, Public Perceptions of Service Delivery and the Failure of Quantitative Measurement.  Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, 2 (3), 359–366.

Experiments and Survey Experiments:

Baele et al. 2018. Security through numbers? Experimentally assessing the impact of numerical arguments in security communication. The British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 20(2), pp.459–476.


Davies et al. 2020. How global performance assessments shape attitudes toward government decision-making: Survey experimental evidence. Governance, 34(2), pp.413–433.


Kijima and Lipscy. 2020. International assessments and education policy: evidence from an elite survey. In J. Kelley, B. Simmons (Eds.), The Power of Global Performance Indicators, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2020), pp. 174-202.


Masaki and Parks. 2020. When do performance assessments influence policy behavior? micro-evidence from the 2014 reform efforts survey. The Review of International Organizations, 15, pp.371–408.